In most earthquakes, the collapse of structures like houses, schools, hospitals, and public buildings results in the widespread loss of lives and damage. Past earthquakes show that over 95 percent of the lives lost were due to the collapse of buildings that were not earthquake-resistant.

In such a situation, the losses can be reduced if all structures in earthquake-prone areas are built in accordance with earthquake-resistant construction techniques and by following the Building Bye Laws. The earthquake specific mitigation activities are described below in the link